Is Basic Industries A Good Career Path?

Searching for Is basic industries a good career path? What the essential industry consists of, its characteristics, and the existing types. Here you will get the complete details about the basic industries with examples.

Basic Industry Definition

The primary industry also called the Basic Industry, is the industry that is responsible for obtaining and transforming raw materials from their most primary phase and, in this way, creating semi-finished products that later other industries will use in the production of the final goods intended to consumption.

They are generally heavy industries since they consume vast amounts of raw materials. In addition, these industries usually require very high capital investments, given the number of resources that they are responsible for transforming.

Basic Industry Characteristics

The timber industry, an example of a primary industry that works with vegetable raw materials.

About this type of industry, there are some aspects to take into account. Despite the wide variety of products and services that come from primary industries, there are specific common characteristics:

  • Raw Materials

The vast majority of these industries are characterized by working from different raw materials in their initial phase.

  • Semi-Finished Products

The base industries are responsible for producing semi-finished products so that later other industries use them to manufacture the final products.

  • Significant Investments, Less Competition

These industries are dedicated to producing heavy machinery and, therefore, the initial investment is very high. Very few companies are interested in entering these industries (or cannot afford it), so competition is scarce.

  • Highly Qualified Staff

While other more straightforward industries can survive and function with personnel of all skill levels, workers must be highly trained in these industries to work efficiently.

  • Environmental Impact

Due to the amount of waste they generate, whether it is gases that they release into the air or waste that goes into rivers, these industries are the ones that can create environmental danger.

How Many Jobs Are Available In Basic Industries?

From the point of view of the candidate and the employer, it is essential to know which characteristics are most demanded by companies. As a candidate, it may be helpful to know them and assess if you meet them at this time to be the talent that many companies are currently looking for. Many of these skills and characteristics are sure to be on your “wish list” for the perfect employee as an employer.

basic industries examples
Mining Industry

Both in one case and the other, pay attention to these ten characteristics, which will help you in your professional career. We invite you to assess if you have them or if you could improve them. If you meet these skills then you have a lot of opportunities waiting in the basic industries. Are you ready?


Today’s world forces us to change constantly, continuously adapting to new jobs, new needs, and new professional challenges. Being a versatile professional who combines different skills will open many doors for you in today’s company.

Strategic Vision

Actions in companies are carried out with specific and fundamental objectives. Every one of the same members intervenes in the processes that allow the achievement of said objectives. The strategic vision is increasingly valued for a solely productive one. All members of the organization contribute and work for the same common goal.

Adaptation To Change

From what we have discussed, workers who know how to adapt and give their best even in less favorable situations are highly valued. In a changing environment, we have to understand how to adapt.

Emotional Intelligence

We hear more and more about this concept, and we have it more internalized in our personal and professional lives. In addition, we are increasingly aware of the high correlation between good emotion management and success at all levels. If we talk about emotion and motivation, we cannot ignore what influences our personal lives and, of course, our professional lives.


Companies are looking for productive people capable of managing a good level of tasks and, in addition, who know how to organize themselves and not waste time with things that are not important or urgent. It is a transversal characteristic that is increasingly being sought, regardless of the specific profile of the position to be filled.


Knowing how to coordinate and work with other people, which will make us much more efficient and productive, is a characteristic demanded today and in the past and, indeed, in the future. With new technologies, we can also work as a team with people who are in other parts of the world.

Knowledge And Mastery Of The Internet And New Technologies

Whatever my profile, this is a characteristic that always adds up. More and more technologies are put at the service of the company and its results. Mastering them and knowing how to use them correctly will make us a more attractive candidate for organizations.


In an increasingly globalized world, knowing and being able to communicate is essential. Therefore, learning different languages ​​always adds attraction to our profile.


In today’s organizations, it is increasingly valued that the candidate has knowledge related to marketing and sales. In this way, every one of the company’s workers is, in turn, commercials of the same.


Attitude is essential in life and at work. Having an attitude of improvement, constant learning, and open-mindedness will help us adapt to the position’s characteristics and will be a characteristic highly valued by any employer.

So far, the summary of characteristics to have the employee profile that companies are looking for. If you have all the above mention skills then basic industries a good career path for you.

Beyond the training and experience that, of course, is important, having these characteristics will help us improve professionally and get the position we want.

Basic Industries Examples

Mining Industry

The primary industries are numerous; however, we can divide them into extractive, steel, metallurgical and chemical industries.

Extractive Industry

The extractive industries are responsible for, as the name suggests, extracting raw materials directly from nature. In this group are initiatives such as mining, oil, or wood.

Wood Industry
Wood Industry

Mining Industries

Mining is the industry dedicated to extracting minerals that are found directly in the ground or subsoil.

It can be divided into metallic and non-metallic or quarry mining. Metal mining is generally used to produce and manufacture industrial products, while quarrying is often used for building materials, decoration, etc.

Examples of minerals Basic Industry(metal mining):

  • Gold.
  • Silver.
  • Copper.
  • Lead.

Examples of minerals Basic Industry(non-metallic mining):

  • Granite.
  • Marble.
  • Clay.
  • Emerald.
  • Sapphire

Examples Of Basic Industries

  • Oil Industry

This great industry is dedicated to extracting and exploiting oil. This non-renewable raw material is widely used to produce various goods, such as plastics or fuels such as gasoline. This industry divides its activities into three phases:

Upstream, dedicated to the search and production of oil.

Midstream, the part dedicated to transporting, processing, and storing oil.

Downstream, the final part, which is the one that refines, sells, and distributes the oil.

Despite its great utility and economic benefits for specific countries, this industry also has its risks. As it is an insoluble liquid, it takes a lot of work to clean, and its combustion releases some harmful gases to the environment, such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

  • Wood And Paper Industry

This industry is dedicated to wood processing: from its extraction (through the planting and felling of trees) to its subsequent transformation into products used to produce furniture or paper.

Basic Industries Product examples:


Construction material (wood).

  • Steel Industries 

The iron and steel industry is in charge of extracting the iron ore for its subsequent treatment. In this way, they create a great variety of alloys from this material for later use in various industries.

One of the most common alloys produced by these industries is steel (iron-carbon alloy). The production of this material is very complex and is carried out in the so-called integral steel mills and steel mills, plants dedicated exclusively to its output.

Product examples:

Steel Tubes.
Railroad rails.

  • Metallurgical Industries

This industry is the one in charge of obtaining metals from metallic minerals. Unlike the steel industry, metallurgy is also applied to other minerals, not only to iron (copper, aluminum, titanium, bronze, among others).

The production process is similar to the steel industry, but working with a broader range of minerals, so we could say that the steel industry is a metallurgical company specialized in iron and steel.

Product examples:

Tin plates.
Zinc alloys.
Copper parts.
Aluminum Sheets.
Bronze pieces.

  • Chemical Industries

Within the chemical industries, the one that belongs to the primary industries is the primary chemical industry. This is the one that is responsible for the transformation of natural raw materials into substances necessary for other industries, such as gases or chemical solutions. 

The other part of the chemical industry is the transformation industry, responsible for making products for final consumption. In this are fertilizers, pesticides, and drugs, among others.

For this reason, the substances produced by primary chemical industries are essential for industries such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, or food

Examples of substances

Hydrochloric acid.
Sulfuric acid.
Nitric acid.


Encyclopedia of Examples “Heavy Industry.” (2017).

Margueron, Jean-Claude (2002). “The metals used and their geographical origin. “The Mesopotamians. Madrid: Chair.

 Spanish Association of Petroleum Products Operators

Parry, Robert W. (1973). Chemistry: experimental foundations. Reverte. p. 703

Hartman, Howard L. (1992). SME Mining Engineering Handbook. Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration Inc.

Spread the love

One Comment

Add a Comment