Harvard Referencing and Citation

Harvard Referencing And Citation

Harvard reference style allows researchers, students, and writers to incorporate quotes from other authors and their research findings. It allows for the use of theories in writing to support and verify the conclusions without violating lawful intellectual rights. This is the most popular style employed in writing publications and assignments within the humanities and natural and social sciences. More detailed information on the topic you can find here: https://studycrumb.com/harvard-referencing-and-citation 

For example, Harvard references and citations can be used in both the text and the reference list. In-text citations help determine the source from which the quote was directly paraphrased or quoted from the primary. Reference lists are created as an alphabetized listing of all Harvard references, which allows readers to find the head quickly. Each entry should be linked to a subordinate or an adverbial citation in the essay’s main body. The reader can view an in-text citation and quickly search for your source by reference. Learn more to understand the primary distinctions.

In-Text Citation

In-text references are contained in the text. They are typically composed of the author’s last name and the year the article was written (and page numbers, if they’re explicitly quoted) in brackets round format. Then, everything is added to the text. It could also be an attribution to a quote or a paraphrase. They’re generally shorter than a full-length reference. The complete source of in-text citations can be located within the references list.

From Harvard references in-text citations, you’ll be able to see the author(s)’s or editor(s)’s names along with the year when the publication was published as well as the page number(s). For those instances where there is no author identifiable or title, only the date and title are used. In-text references are necessary when citing a quote or paraphrasing from another work. 

In citing, for instance, of the author James Mitchell, the citation takes the form of:

Mitchell (2017, p. 189) states… Or (Mitchell, 2017, p. 189)

Two Authors or Three Authors

If you’re citing a source that includes at least three authors, list all surnames in this order:

Mitchell, Smith, and Thomson (2017 p. 1889) states… Also (Mitchell, Coyne, and Thomson 2017 p. 1889)

At a Minimum, Four Authors:

In this scenario, the first author’s surname is required to be listed and then followed with “et al.”:

Mitchell et al. (2017, p. 189) state… Or (Mitchell et al., 2017, p, 189)

No Author:

 If possible, utilize the entity responsible for the blog in place of the blog’s author. If not, then you could use an italicized title.

( A guide to reference, 2017, pp. 189-201)


The list of references must be listed alphabetically, following what is the initials of the primary author of each piece. Contacts without an author are arranged alphabetically, based on the introductory phrase in the name relevant to the work. It is essential to use only initials that indicate writers and their names. No full stop and no space between the letters. The most recent word is the first.

This checklist records the correct method to utilize the Harvard reference style in your reference lists.  An index of references provides the complete list of sources used to compose articles. This list also contains information based on the article, including the author’s name and publication date and an indication of the title for the original, and many more. This is how the list of Harvard sources is made like. It should be placed on a separate sheet at the very end of the document. The complete reference must include:

  • Alphabetically sorted list by the creator’s name, or unless no author is identified. Then, it’s listed following the source’s title, and there are no sources to compare with.
    • If there are several works of the same author, they will be organized according to the year of publication. They will be arranged alphabetically according to title and assigned an alphabet (a,b,c, etc.) following the date when they’re released at similar times.
  • The double spaces. The text should be enclosed by an entire border of blank space in the area between each word.
  • References in full for every in-text reference that is used.

Final Thought

Harvard referencing and citation is the broad term used to refer to any referencing system that includes your name as the writer and the year of publication in the text to mark the location you’ve put the source. The format for author names appeals to both authors and readers of academic works. Scholars believe that this format is economical to write and is generally easier to access for the reader because there aren’t any footnotes on your page.

All you have to do is ensure the author’s name is included along with the dates of the time they published their work. Take note that specific schools and some fields might require the inclusion of a bibliography. It is a complete list of sources you’ve used for your preparation and research. It also demonstrates how much effort you’ve put into studying your study area.

Leave a Reply