Definition Of Secondary Activity

Definition Of Secondary Activity
Definition Of Secondary Activity

The secondary activity includes industries that beget any usable product or the sectors interested in construction.

In general, this sector takes the product from the primary sector for the manufacture of products, which can be used for other companies, for export or sale.

Since many of these industries produce a lot of waste material, they can cause pollution or environmental problems.

In addition, they need large amounts of energy so that machines and factories can do their job. This sector is separated into light industry and rich industry.

Light Industry

This industry usually utilizes fewer funds than heavy industry and is better consumer-oriented. Most of its effects end up in the hands of natural users and not mediators, as happens in heavy industry.

Light industry requires a small number of raw materials, area, and power. The weight of the products is down and they are leisurely to transport.

An economic definition could be “a manufacturing business that utilizes moderate quantities of partially processed textiles to produce objects of relatively high value per part by consequence”

It also has less environmental impact; Among the most common activities are the manufacture of beverages, food, personal and household items, cosmetics, clothing, and electronics.

Heavy Industry

This industry involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy effects; large teams or complicated methodologies. Therefore, it involves more capital industry than the light industry and depends more on investment and labor.

Transport, construction, and manufacturing companies are the bulk of this industry. Some examples include oil processing, shipbuilding, and machine production. They need a lot of capital and equipment; They are also criticized for their great impact on the environment.

What Are Primary, Secondary, And Tertiary Activities?

the primary, Secondary activity, and tertiary activities are the economic activities that generate income and are performed by humans.

The primary activities are those that are dependent on the environment, as well as those that refer to the use of the earth’s resources, such as water, vegetation, building materials, minerals, and soil.

For this reason, it includes hunting and harvesting; pastoral activities, fishing, agriculture, mining, afforestation, and extraction. People working in this sector are often called rescue workers thanks to the nature of their work.

Secondary activity, for its part, is the weights ​​that attach to birth resources by transforming raw textiles into products of value.

Therefore, they refer to the process of manufacturing, processing, and infrastructure construction. Usually, workers in this branch are called blue-collar workers.

Tertiary activities are those that deal with production and exchange. Production involves the “delivery” of services that are “consumed”.

This exchange includes trade, transportation, and communication facilities that are often used to overcome the distance. Workers in the tertiary sector are called white workers.

Sectors Of The Economy: Primary, Secondary And Tertiary

Primary Activities

Primary Activities
Primary Activities

The primary activities are those belonging to the sector’s economy that makes direct use of natural resources.

This includes agriculture, afforestation, mining, and fishing. In general, the primary sector is the one that is more important in the developing countries and less so in the more developed countries.

In developing countries, it is usually a relatively large sector. For example, in Africa, livestock is much more important than in Japan. In the 19th century, the entire Welsh economy was dependent on mining, which showed that the economy can survive in a single sector.

Technological advances in developed countries have enabled the primary sector to demand less human power. For this cause, the rate of workers in this sector is usually lower.

In the EU, agricultural subsidies provide a kind of cushion to withstand the changing levels of inflation and the prices of agricultural products.

Forestry Technology

This is the science and ability to create, manage, use, preserve and repair the forests and their associated resources. In this way, goals and needs can be met for the benefit of the environment and people. It is practiced in the plantations. This science has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, and political sciences.

Currently, this area is about conservation of wood, wood fuel, forest habitat, water quality management, environmental protection, biodiversity management, and erosion control among others.

Mining

It is the extraction of useful minerals or other geological textiles from the earth; Extractions can occur in reefs, reefs, and different deposits.

From these extraction sites, you can e.g. Remove metals, precious stones, chalk, stones, clay, and gravel. In a broader meaning, mining includes the extraction of non-renewable aids such as oil, natural gas, and water

Fishing

This activity concerns catching fish, innately in their wild or natural habitat. The most commonly used fishing techniques include fishing, harpoon fishing, or hand harvesting.

Fishing can include aquatic animals, not just fish. It can also include mollusks, crustaceans, or squid.

It is estimated that there are about 38 million fishermen around the world. This industry provides direct and indirect employment to around 500 million people in developing countries.

Secondary Activities

The secondary activity includes ambitions that produce any usable development or the sectors affected in the construction.

In general, this sector takes the product from the primary sector for the manufacture of products, which can be used for other companies, for export, or for sale.

Light Industry

This industry usually employs less capital than heavy industry and is better consumer-oriented. Most of its effects end up in the hands of natural users and not negotiators, as happens in rich industries.

Heavy Industry

This industry affects one or more characteristics such as large and heavy effects; large teams or complicated procedures. Therefore, it involves more capital industry than the light industry and depends more on investment and labor.

Sectors In The Secondary Activity Industry

The food industry

Plastic.

The leather and textile industry.

appliances.

Gardening and entertainment.

Beauty and personal care.

Cleaning and storage.

Tertiary Activities

This secondary activity consists of the service sector. This possesses activities where people offer their learning and time to enhance productivity, execution, potential, and sustainability.

The basic characteristic of this sector is the display of services instead of developments. The services include attention, counseling, access, experiences, and discussions.

The services may also include the transport, distribution, and sale of goods from producer to consumer, as in the case of marketing. It also retains the provision of benefits such as Entertainment or pest management.

These items can be transformed in the process of providing the service, as in the restaurant industry.

However, the focus is on people interacting with other people and on customer service rather than on the transformation of physical assets.

Professional Services

These are occupations in the tertiary sector that require special training in the arts or sciences. Some professional services require professional licenses, such as architects, accountants, engineers, lawyers, and doctors.

Other professional services involve providing specialized support to companies, such as To help a company with computer services or tax advice.

Telecommunications

Telecommunication is the transmission of signals, signs, messages, words, images, sounds, secondary activity, or intelligence of any kind via radio, cables, or any other electromagnetic system. Radio, television, and the Internet are part of the telecommunications sector.

Franchises

It is the use of the right to use a business model and a brand for a certain period of time. For the owner of the franchise, it is an alternative to building commercial chains to distribute goods. Many countries have laws that regulate franchises.

Public health

It refers to the science of disease prevention, life extension, and promoting human health through organized action and informed choices of communities, public and private organizations, communities, and individuals.

Quaternary And Quinary Activities

Quaternary And Quinary Activities
Quaternary And Quinary Activities

Although the primary classification is primary, secondary activity and tertiary, the highest benefits under tertiary activities are classified into quaternary and quinary activities. These activities are not dependent on resources or the environment, but they are activities in the economy.

Quaternary activities are highly technical tertiary movements, often in the “knowledge sector”. Tax advisors, software developers, and statisticians slip into this classification.

Likewise, so are staff working in offices, schools, universities, hospitals, theaters, and management companies.

Although the primary classification is primary, secondary activity and tertiary, the highest benefits under tertiary activities are classified into quaternary and quinary activities. These activities are not dependent on resources or the environment, but they are activities in the economy.

Quaternary activities are highly technical tertiary activities, often in the “learning sector”. Tax advisors, software developers, and statisticians drop into this classification.

Likewise, so are staff working in offices, schools, universities, hospitals, theaters, and management companies.

Cycle Of Secondary Economic Activities

The industry or secondary activity depends on the raw materials extracted in the primary activities, then they are transported and distributed to the final consumer. After consumption, they are discarded or recycled.

Secondary Activities Concept

Secondary economic activities are those, characteristics of urban life, that transform the elements of nature, which they use as raw materials (directly or semi-finished, called in both cases, inputs) to obtain as final goods, manufactured products, that meet different human needs. 

This task is carried out in industries, which are great generators of employment and wealth, but also of environmental pollution. They have been considered the economic engine of nations for adding value to raw materials, during the nineteenth century, and the first half of the twentieth, when they moved to second place, by the service sector.

To develop industrial activity, three elements are needed: work, capital, and technology. There are cities with great industrial development such as São Paulo, in Brazil, or Milan, in Italy.

The industries can be 1. Heavy, which deal, making large investments, of processing products that are going to be used by other industries to manufacture new items, as is the case with the petrochemical industry that produces liquid fuels from oil, or the industry metallurgical, which creates aluminum plates or steel tubes; or 2. Light industries, where the destination of the goods is sale to the market, and use raw materials, or products that have been semi-processed by heavy industries. Among them, we can mention the textile, food, or furniture manufacturing industries.

An industry is considered to be small when its employees do not exceed five, medium if it employs between six and one hundred people, and large, if its employees are more than one hundred.

Secondary Activities – Chapter 6 Geography NCERT Class 12
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